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公共英语考试
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公共英语考试PETS三级易错题(2018/7/21)
1题:Whenhewentout,hewouldwearsunglassesnobodywouldrecognizehim.()
A、sothat
C、asthough
B、nowthat
D、incase
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2题:Directions: This part, numbered 61 through 65, is to test your ability to translate English into Chinese. After each of the sentences numbered 61 to 64, you will read four choices of suggested translation. You should choose the best translation and mark the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. And for the paragraph numbered 65. write your  translation in the corresponding space on the Translation/Composition Sheet.
61. Any academic breakthrough, brilliant as it may be, does not automatically ensure that it can be applied to practice.   
A、 学科上的任何成果,除非它辉煌灿烂,否则不能自动用于实践。   
B、 任何学科上的成就,尽管不能自动用于实践,但也可能是灿烂辉煌的。   
C、 学术上的任何成就,无论杰出与否,都不能确保它可以自动地用于实践。   
D、 任何学术上的突破,或许本身很卓越,也并非自然而然地就可用于实践。   
62. With increasing awareness of the environment, people have realized that the way coal is used is critical and new approaches have to be sought.   
A、 尽管环境意识提高了,人们认为使用煤炭仍然是重要的,并且已经找到了新的方法。   
B、 随着环境意识的增强,人们认识到使用煤炭的方法应该受到批评,必须寻求新的途径。   
C、 随着环境意识的日益增强,人们认识到如何使用煤炭至关重要,因而得寻求新的方法。   
D、 尽管人们对环境越来越了解,他们也认识到使用煤炭应该受到批评,但要寻找到新的能源才行。   
63. The global market in these services is likely to touch US$640 billion, a figure comparable with the size of the IT industry.   
A、 整个市场的服务费用已上升到 6,400 亿美元,这个额度有可能会达到 IT 业的规模。   
B、 以总体为 6 7400 亿美元服务于市场的目标有望实现,这一目标是相对于 IT 行业而言的。   
C、 这些服务业的全球市场有可能达到 6,400 亿美元,这一数字与 IT 业产值的大小相当。   
D、 整个市场中的服务行业可能要突破 6,400 亿美元:这一数字与 IT 业的规模不相上下。   

64. The author suggests that human resources management should be taught as a required subject in this school, along with science courses.   
A、 作者建议,这所学校开设人力资源管理课程或是开设理科课程都是必要的。   
B、 作者建议,除了理科课程之外,这所学校应将人力资源作为必修课开设。   
C、 作者建议,作为学校的一门课程,人力资源管理应该在其他理科课程之后开设。   
D、 作者建议,把人力资源管理作为一门必修课开设,纳入理科课程中。   
【分析题】:

3、4、5、6、7题:Fifteen years ago, I entered the Boston Globe, which was a temple to me then. It wasn’t easy getting hired. But once you were there, I found, you were in.
Globe jobs were for life-guaranteed until retirement. For 15 years I had prospered there — moving from an ordinary reporter to foreign correspondent and finally to senior editor. I would have a lifetime of security is I struck with it. Instead, I had made a decision to leave. I entered my boss’s office. Would he rage? I wondered. He had a famous temper. “Matt, we have to have a talk,” I began awkwardly. “I came to the Globe when I was twenty-four. Now I’m forty. There’s a lot I want to do in life. I’m resigning.” “To another paper?” he asked. I reached into my coat pocket, but didn’t say anything. I handed him a letter that explained everything. It said that I was leaving to start a new media company. We were at a rare turning point in history. I wanted to be directly engaged in the change. “I’m glad for you,” he said, quite out of my expectation. “I just came from a board of directors meeting and it was seventy-five percent discouraging news. Some of that we can deal with. But much of it we can’t, ” he went on. “I wish you all the luck in the world,” he concluded. “And if it doesn’t work out, remember, your star is always high here.”
Then I went out of his office, walking through the newsroom for more good-byes. Everybody was saying congratulations. Everybody — even though I’d be risking all on an unfamiliar venture: all the financial security I had carefully built up.
Later, I had a final talk with Bill Taylor, chairman and publisher of the Boston Globe. He had turned the Globe into a billion-dollar property. “I’m resigning, Bill, ”I said. He listened while I gave him the story. He wasn’t looking angry or dismayed either. After a pause, he said, “Golly, I wish I were in your shoes.”
46. From the passage we know that the Globe is a famous _______.
A、 newspaper            B、 magazine
C、temple                D、 church
47. If the writer stayed with the Globe _________.
A、 he would be able to realize his lifetime dreams.
B、 he would let his long-cherished dreams fade away.
C、 he would never have to worry about his future life.
D、 he would never be allowed to develop his ambitions.
48. The writer wanted to resign because _________.
A、 he had serious trouble with his boss.
B、 he got underpaid at his job for the Globe.
C、 he wanted to be engaged in the new media industry.
D、 he had found a better paid job in a publishing house.
49. When the writer decided to resign the Globe was faced with _______.
A、 a trouble with its staff members
B、 a shortage of qualified reporters
C、 an unfavorable business situation
D、an uncontrollable business situation 
50. By “:I wish I were in your shoes.” (in the last paragraph) Bill Taylor meant that _______.
A、 the writer was to fail.
B、 the writer was stupid 
C、 he would do the same if possible
D、 he would reject the writer’s request
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8、9、10、11、12题: There was one thought that air pollution affected only the area immediately around large cities with factories and heavy automobile traffic. At present, we realize that although these are the areas with the worst air pollution, the problem is literally worldwide. On several occasions over the past decade, a heavy cloud of air pollution has covered the east of the United States and brought health warnings in rural areas away from any major concentration of manufacturing and automobile traffic. In fact, the very climate of the entire earth may be infected by air pollution. Some scientists consider that the increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in the air resulting from the burning of fossil fuels (coal and oil) is creating a “greenhouse effect”— conserving heat reflected from the earth and raising the world’s average temperature. If this view is correct and the world’s temperature is raised only a few degrees, much of the polar ice cap will melt and cities such as New York, Boston, Miami, and New Orleans will be in water.
Another view, less widely held, is that increasing particular matter in the atmosphere is blocking sunlight and lowering the earth’s temperature — a result that would be equally disastrous. A drop of just a few degrees could create something close to a new ice age, and would mane agriculture difficult or impossible in many of our top farming areas. Today we do not know for sure that either of these conditions will happen (though one recent government report drafted by experts in the field concluded that the greenhouse effect is very possible) Perhaps, if we are lucky enough, the two tendencies will offset each other and the world’s temperature will stay about the same as it is now. Driven by economic profits, people neglect the damage on our environment caused by the “advanced civilization”. Maybe the air pollution is the price the human beings have to pay for their development. But is it really worthwhile?
56. As pointed out at the beginning of the passage, people used to think that air pollution _______.
A、 cause widespread damage in the countryside 
B、 affected the entire eastern half of the United States
C、 had damaged effect on health
D、 existed merely in urban and industries areas 
57. As to the greenhouse effect, the author __________.
A、 share the same view with the scientist.
B、 is uncertain of its occurrence
C、 rejects it as being ungrounded
D、 thinks that it will destroy the world soon
58. The word “offset” in the second paragraph could be replaced by _________.
A、 slip into                 B、 make up for
C、 set up                  D、 catch up with
59. It can be concluded that ____________.
A、 raising the world’s temperature only a few degrees would not do much harm to life on earth.
B、 lowering the world’s temperature merely a few degrees would lead major farming areas to disaster.
C、 almost no temperature variations have occurred over the past decade.
D、 the world’s temperature will remain constant in the years to come.
60. This passage is primarily about __________.
A、the greenhouse effect..
B、 the burning of fossil fuels..
C、 the potential effect of air pollution.
D、 the likelihood of a new ice age.
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13题:the items equivalent to ( 与 ... 同 ) those given in Chinese in the table below. Then you should put the corresponding
letters in brackets on the Answer Sheet, numbered 51 to 55.   
A ........ Research and Analysis   
B ........ Role of Departments   
C ........ Communication Process   
D ........ Sampling Public Opinion   
E ........ Dealing with the News Media   
F ........ Planning Actions   
G ....... Reaching the Audience   
H ........ Opportunities in the Print Media   
I ........ Feedback and Evaluation   
J ........ Public Opinion and Persuasion   
K ........ Social and Cultural Agencies   
L ........ Entertainment and Sports   
M ........ Government and Public Affairs   
N ........ Membership Organizations   
O ........ Legal Problems   
P ........ International Public Relations   
Example : (E) 与新闻媒体打交道 (F) 行动计划   
51 . ( ) 交流过程 ( ) 娱乐和体育   
52 . ( ) 国际公共关系 ( ) 公众意见抽样调查   
53 . ( ) 政府和公众事务 ( ) 研究与分析   
54 . ( ) 部门职能 ( ) 社会与文化机构   
55 . ( ) 反馈与评价 ( ) 法律问题   
【分析题】:

 

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